Dozens of over-the-counter medicines for pain relief can be used for mild to intense pain. Some of them may be effective while some may not work at all. This is especially true for dreaded cases, such as pains caused by different forms of cancers, brain injuries and bone defects. In the aforementioned cases, prescription drugs are often needed. Usually, illegal drugs such as hallucinogens may also be used for clinical reasons. These drugs, however, should be administered at the right dosages.
Analgesics, or drugs meant as pain relief, are classified into two: the non-narcotic analgesics and the narcotic analgesics. These drugs do their work without the person having to lose consciousness. As opposed to anesthetics that usually put a person into a deep sleep, analgesics are general drugs that can be used, most often than not, without the supervision of a licensed doctor. One such medication is oxycodone. Oxycodone is a analgesic medication synthesized from poppy-derived thebaine and is usually used as a compounding product with acetaminophen or paracetamol.
The non-narcotic drugs stop or lessen pain by preventing nerve impulses at the affected part from sending a signal to the brain.
Ibuprofen: This is a popular relief to muscle pains because it effectively reduces inflammation in the muscles. It can also be used to ease out the symptoms of arthritis and fever. Nonetheless, among the over-the-counter analgesics, it triggers allergic reactions the most.
Aspirin: Even kids use it. Known to be a safe choice, this drug inhibits the formation of prostaglandins, a hormone responsible for inflammation in the blood vessels and other parts of the body.
Because it promotes blood clotting, people with ailments related to blood infection are not advised to use this drug. Likewise, pregnant women should stay away from it as well because there are records associating it with miscarriages and bleeding.
The narcotic drugs, on the other hand, directly take action on the receptors that are in the nerve cells of the brain and spinal cord. Because these drugs target the root recipients, they are often used for more intense pains, like post-surgery pains and pains caused by serious injuries. It is also due to this reason why they can have negative impacts on the brain.
Opium, morphine, codeine and heroin are just other samples of narcotic drugs. They may give pain relief, but the side effects are beyond manageable when abused.